When learning a new language, for example Python, you need to be aware of the pros and cons of that language. This will help you to better understand how to make optimal use of the Python programming language. Because we know the pros and cons of Python, we can create reliable applications.
Let’s start with Python’s pros and cons.
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Advantages and disadvantages of the python
Let’s look at the benefits of Python first.
Benefits of Python
1. Easy to read, learn and write
Python is a high-level programming language with an English syntax. This makes it easier to read and understand the code.
Python is really easy to take andeasy to learn, that’s why many people recommend Python to beginners.
Compared to other major languages such as C/C++ and Java, you need fewer lines of code for the same task.
2. Performance improvement
Python is a very productive language. The simplicity of Python allows developers to focus on solving the problem.
You don’t have to spend too much time understanding the syntax or the behaviour of the programming language. They write less code and do more.
Python is an interpreted language, which means that Python directly executes line by line code. In case of an error, it stops further execution and reports the error.
Python displays only one error, even if the program has multiple errors. This makes troubleshooting easier.
4. Typical dynamics
Python does not know the type of variable until we execute the code. It automatically assigns the data type during runtime. The programmer does not have to worry about the reporting of variables and their data types.
5. Free and open source
Python has an open source license approved by OSI . This makes the free to use and distribute . You can download the source code, modify it and even distribute your version of Python. This is useful for organizations that want to change a certain behavior and use their version for development.
6. Support for large libraries
The standard Python library is huge, you will find almost all the functions you need for your task. So they are not dependent on external libraries. But even if you do, you can easily import other interesting packages from the Python (PyPi)packet index using the Python (pip) packet manager. It consists of more than 200,000 packages.
In many languages, such as C/C++, you have to modify the code to run the program on different platforms. It’s not the same with Python. You only write once and let it walk around. However, be careful not to activate the system-dependentfunctions of the system.
1. Slow speed
We talked earlier about the fact that Python is a dynamically interpreted and typed language. Running code line by line often results in slow execution of the . The dynamic character of Python is also responsible for the low speed of Python, because it has to do extra work during runtime. Therefore, Python is not used for purposes where speed is an important aspect of the project.
2. Non-efficient memory utilization
To ensure simplicity for the developers, Python has to make a small compromise. The Python programming language consumes a large amount of memory. This can be a disadvantage when creating applications if we prefer memory optimization.
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3. Weaknesses in Mobile Computing
Python is normally used in server programming. We do not see Python on the customer side or in mobile applications for the following reasons. Python does not remember and has a slow processing performance in compared to other languages.
4. Database Access
Programming in Python is simple and stress-free. But if we deal with the database, it’s missing. The level of access to Python databases is primitive and underdeveloped compared to popular technologies such as JDBC and ODBC. Large enterprises need a seamless interaction of complex legacy data, so Python is rarely used in business.
5. Implementation error
As we know, Python is a dynamically typed language, so the type of variable data can change at any time. A variable containing an integer may contain a string in the future, which may result in an execution error. That is why Python programmers need to test applications thoroughly.
Python is a simple, universal and complete programming language. It is an excellent choice for both beginners and professionals. Despite the fact that it has some disadvantages, we can say that the advantages outweigh the disadvantages. Even Google has made Python one of its most important programming languages.
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